We devote great care to our vineyards and we are fully rewarded by the marvellous grape produced.
The Cafaggio vineyard
The origin of our vigneron activity
It is located on terraces, at 300/450 meters of altitude, with a south-west exposure. Some vines are mixed with olive trees while others are just contiguous to the olive groves. This vineyard is partially visible in some aerial pictures taken in 1965 by the Italian Military Geographical Institute.
When we bought this vineyard it was in a state of abandon. We drove new chestnut poles and replaced the missing vines with selected clones of Sangiovese and Malvasia Bianca Lunga. However, nowadays some old plants of Sangiovese, Colorino and Canaiolo coexist.
The Farneto vineyard
The Farneto vineyard has recently replaced an existing old one. It is divided into two parts: the one facing the east side has terraces planted with Pinot Nero while the one facing south is on a level land and is planted with San Giovese. It is a young vineyard and will give the best of its fruits in a few years.
The Colombaia vineyard
The Colombaia vineyard is an old vineyard, planted in 1966, which has been extraordinarily recovered in order to save the old vines that are partially on their own roots (“a piede franco”). The recovery was successful and the vineyard came back to life: the old vines were able to produce again high quality grapes with which we make wine of superb structure. The vineyard is mainly composed of old Sangiovese and/or Sanvicetro vines and other red grape varieties, native of the Val d’Arno territory but not well identified (some of these probably have now disappeared).
The Colombaia vineyard produces two types of wine, a Sangiovese of great structure that have been named “Colombaia”, and a very elegant Pinot Nero.
The Colombaia vineyard faces the south-east side and is located on small terraces.
Both the Farneto and Colombaia vineyard are located within the “Balze Protected Natural Area” and enjoy a suggestive landscape.
All the vines in our vineyards are trained into the espalier system with the Guyot pruining technique.
On account of the vineyards’ position – well exposed on terraces along the side of the mountain (we are in a mountain area) – and together with an early shoot thinning, it is possible for us to take great advantage of the constant wind which dries our grape helping to avoid the creation of moulds caused by the humidity stagnation after the rain. We do not treat our grapes with products against mould: it is not needed.
We start at a very early stage with the shoot thinning in order to create the best conditions for the ventilation of the grapes. We repeat this practice several times, until we get a complete deleafing with the grape bunch well exposed to the air. With this simple but quite hard method we can really minimize the use of copper and sulphur, resulting in a better efficacy of these elements even if they are used in very small quantities.